A Momentum Rotation Strategy for Trading VIX ETPs

This is a test of a simple rotation strategy detailed in the paper Easy Volatility Investing from Double-Digit Numerics, which uses momentum to trade VIX ETPs.

Below are trading results (blue), compared to buying and holding XIV (grey), from mid-2004 to present.

20140410.Equity-Curve

Strategy rules: The four ETPs traded are XIV, VXX, ZIV, and VXZ. Go long at the close the ETP with the highest return over the last 83-days. If all 83-day returns are negative, move to cash. Hold until a new ETP signals a trade. 

Read about test assumptions. Get help following this strategy.

As one would expect, due to their bigger, more volatile returns, the strategy spends about 74% of all days in either XIV or VXX, but would have also frequently chosen the mid-term VIX ETNs VXZ (14%) and ZIV (11%).

20140410.Stats

The 83-day lookback is no doubt an optimized number, as the paper’s author concedes.

Below I’ve shown key stats for other lookbacks from 73 to 93 days. Notice the steep drop off outside of values in the 80’s. While I think the general concept of momentum might be effective (relative to buy & hold), I think that drop off is an indication that the big numbers the strategy would have posted to date are probably a bit generous.

20140410.Post01

What makes the strategy work? From the author:

Momentum (a form of trend following) has been a widely studied phenomenon in the literature and has been found in many asset classes…

It might be expected that there is momentum in volatility markets as well because of the persistence of volatility. The roll yield and VRP charts above show that there also seems to be persistence in these factors as well. Zooming in on the relevant charts we see that sign persistence frequently lasts for one, three, six months and even longer. So we might see momentum for look-back periods of a few months.

Finally, for the sake of completeness, a drawdown curve and monthly/annual returns for the original 83-day version of the strategy (click to zoom).

20140410.Drawdown-Curve     20140410.Periodic-Returns

When the strategies that we cover on our blog (including this one) signal new trades, we include an alert on the daily report sent to subscribers. This is completely unrelated to our own strategy’s signal; it just serves to add a little color to the daily report and allows subscribers to see what other quantitative strategies are saying about the market.

Click to see Volatility Made Simple’s own elegant solution to the VIX ETP puzzle.

Good Trading,
Volatility Made Simple

Posted in Strategy Backtests.